Navius publishes consulting reports, white papers and peer-reviewed journal articles on a variety of energy, climate change and economic modeling topics.


Featured Research

The Clean Fuel Standard’s impact has been overstated

Brianne Riehl
Aaron Hoyle
Jotham Peters
Mark Jaccard

March 2020

Navius Research and the Energy and Materials Research Group at Simon Fraser University collaborated to evaluate the impact of Canada’s proposed Clean Fuel Standard (CFS). This policy intends to reduce Canada’s annual emissions by 30 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalents by 2030, but analysis estimates that the policy will achieve much less once overlap with existing federal and provincial policies are considered. Using the example of the CFS, this research aims to draw attention to the important interaction and combination effects among energy-climate policies, which often lead to a combined impact that is significantly less than the sum of what each policy would achieve if implemented individually.

Featured Journal Article

Which plug-in electric vehicle policies are best? A multi-criteria evaluation framework applied to Canada

Melton, N., J. Axsen, & B. Moawad.


This study, published in the January 2020 issue of Energy Research and Social Sciences journal, describes a zero emission vehicle policy evaluation framework and illustrates the trade-offs between three policy packages that achieve Canada’s ZEV targets.

Other Journal Articles

Melton, N., J. Axsen, & B. Moawad. 2020. Which plug-in electric vehicle policies are best? A multi-criteria evaluation framework applied to Canada. Energy Research & Social Science 64, 1-15. Learn More ➥

Melton, N., J. Axsen & S. Goldberg. 2017. Evaluating plug-in electric vehicle policies in the context of long-term greenhouse gas reduction goals: Comparing 10 Canadian provinces using the PEV policy report card. Energy Policy, 107, 381-393.

Bataille, C. & N. Melton. 2017. Energy efficiency and economic growth: A retrospective CGE analysis for Canada from 2002 to 2012Energy Economics, 64, 118-130.

Wolinetz & Axsen. 2017. How policy can build the plug-in electric vehicle market: Insights from the REspondent-based Preference And Constraints (REPAC) model. Technological Forecasting and Social Change 117: 238-250. Learn More ➥

Melton, N., J. Axsen & D. Sperling. 2016. Moving beyond alternative fuel hype to decarbonize transportationNature Energy, 1, 16013. Learn More ➥

Bataille, C., N. Melton & M. Jaccard. 2015. Policy uncertainty and diffusion of carbon capture and storage in an optimal region. Climate Policy, 15(5): 565-582.

Jaccard, M., N. Melton & J. Nyboer. 2011. Institutions and Processes for Scaling Up Renewables: Run-of-River Hydropower in British Columbia. Energy Policy, 39(7): 4042-4050.

Peters, J., C. Bataille, N. Rivers, & M. Jaccard. 2010. Taxing Emissions, Not Income: How to Moderate the Regional Impact of Federal Environment Policy. C.D. Howe Institute, 314: Toronto, ON.