Research Brief

Biofuels in Canada 2018: Tracking biofuel consumption, feedstocks and avoided greenhouse gas emissions

July, 2018


Navius Research has released the 2018 edition of the “Biofuels in Canada” report. This report uses public data to catalog the volume of transportation biofuels consumed in each Canadian province while estimating the impact of biofuel consumption on greenhouse gas emissions and transportation energy costs.


  • Ethanol consumption has increased from roughly 1,700 million liters in 2010 to 2,850 million liters in 2016, accounting for over 6% of fuel consumption in the gasoline pool.
  • Renewable fuel consumption in the diesel pool was 540 million liters in 2016, accounting for roughly 2% of diesel fuel consumption.
  • Annual avoided lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions resulting from biofuel consumption were 4.1 Mt/yr in 2016.
  • On net, we estimate that biofuel consumption reduced fuel expenditures in Canada by 0.26% from 2010 to 2016, relative to a counterfactual scenario without biofuel consumption.
  • The cost impact is equivalent to an average $16/yr savings for an archetypal gasoline consumer (i.e. private light-duty vehicle) or an additional cost of $223/yr for an archetypal diesel consumer (i.e. a long-haul trucker).

Click the image above to download the report.

Click the image above to download the spreadsheet.

Download the report or the spreadsheet model.

This study was commissioned and funded by Advanced Biofuels Canada.

To learn more about this research, please contact Michael Wolinetz.

Other Publications

Journal Articles

Melton, N., J. Axsen & S. Goldberg. 2017. Evaluating plug-in electric vehicle policies in the context of long-term greenhouse gas reduction goals: Comparing 10 Canadian provinces using the PEV policy report card. Energy Policy, 107, 381-393.

Bataille, C. & N. Melton. 2017. Energy efficiency and economic growth: A retrospective CGE analysis for Canada from 2002 to 2012Energy Economics, 64, 118-130.

Wolinetz & Axsen. 2017. How policy can build the plug-in electric vehicle market: Insights from the REspondent-based Preference And Constraints (REPAC) model. Technological Forecasting and Social Change 117: 238-250.

Melton, N., J. Axsen & D. Sperling. 2016. Moving beyond alternative fuel hype to decarbonize transportationNature Energy, 1, 16013. Learn More ➥

Bataille, C., N. Melton & M. Jaccard. 2015. Policy uncertainty and diffusion of carbon capture and storage in an optimal region. Climate Policy, 15(5): 565-582.

Jaccard, M., N. Melton & J. Nyboer. 2011. Institutions and Processes for Scaling Up Renewables: Run-of-River Hydropower in British Columbia. Energy Policy, 39(7): 4042-4050.

Peters, J., C. Bataille, N. Rivers, & M. Jaccard. 2010. Taxing Emissions, Not Income: How to Moderate the Regional Impact of Federal Environment Policy. C.D. Howe Institute, 314: Toronto, ON.