Research Brief

Canada’s ZEV Policy Handbook

Noel Melton
Jonn Axsen
Suzanne Goldberg
Barbar Moawad
Michael Wolinetz

December, 2017


  • Current policies are unlikely to encourage sufficient ZEV adoption to achieve Canada’s ZEV targets or climate mitigation targets.
  • Only three types of national policies are likely to have a large impact on ZEV sales, while being reasonably acceptable to the public: sustained financial incentives, a ZEV mandate, or a strengthened vehicle emissions standard.
  • Choosing a policy approach involves trade-offs among multiple criteria, which are reviewed in the handbook.

Achieving Canada’s long-term greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction targets likely requires widespread adoption of zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs). While some ZEVs are already available in Canada, strong policies are needed to induce a substantial transition to low-carbon mobility. Consequently, various levels of government in Canada have begun implementing policies to support ZEV adoption. The purpose of the ZEV Policy Handbook is to help stakeholders understand what ZEV policies are available, and to evaluate these policies according to several criteria in light GHG reduction targets.

Click the image above to access the two-page research brief.

Click the image above to access START’s webpage to find Canada’s ZEV Policy Handbook.

To learn more about this research, please contact Noel Melton.

Other Publications

Journal Articles

Melton, N., J. Axsen & S. Goldberg. 2017. Evaluating plug-in electric vehicle policies in the context of long-term greenhouse gas reduction goals: Comparing 10 Canadian provinces using the PEV policy report card. Energy Policy, 107, 381-393.

Bataille, C. & N. Melton. 2017. Energy efficiency and economic growth: A retrospective CGE analysis for Canada from 2002 to 2012Energy Economics, 64, 118-130.

Wolinetz & Axsen. 2017. How policy can build the plug-in electric vehicle market: Insights from the REspondent-based Preference And Constraints (REPAC) model. Technological Forecasting and Social Change 117: 238-250.

Melton, N., J. Axsen & D. Sperling. 2016. Moving beyond alternative fuel hype to decarbonize transportationNature Energy, 1, 16013. Learn More ➥

Bataille, C., N. Melton & M. Jaccard. 2015. Policy uncertainty and diffusion of carbon capture and storage in an optimal region. Climate Policy, 15(5): 565-582.

Jaccard, M., N. Melton & J. Nyboer. 2011. Institutions and Processes for Scaling Up Renewables: Run-of-River Hydropower in British Columbia. Energy Policy, 39(7): 4042-4050.

Peters, J., C. Bataille, N. Rivers, & M. Jaccard. 2010. Taxing Emissions, Not Income: How to Moderate the Regional Impact of Federal Environment Policy. C.D. Howe Institute, 314: Toronto, ON.