Research Brief

Quantifying Canada’s Clean Energy Economy

May, 2019


Clean Energy Canada engaged Navius Research to estimate the size of the clean energy economy in Canada. Navius worked with Clean Energy Canada to come up with workable definitions for what constitutes the clean energy economy and then quantified its contribution to Canadian GDP, investment and employment. This project is intended to help Clean Energy Canada promote a broader dialogue about the benefits of expanding the clean energy economy, a sector which is often under-defined in national statistics.


  • An average of $30.8 billion was invested annually in the clean energy economy between 2010 and 2017.
  • The clean energy economy generated $56.3 billion of GDP and employed 298,000 workers in 2017.
  • These estimates suggest that the clean energy economy represents 3% of Canada’s total GDP and 2% of jobs.
  • The clean energy economy is growing more quickly than the overall economy.

Click above to download the technical report.

Click above to download the Clean Energy Canada report.

This study was commissioned and funded by Clean Energy Canada.

To learn more about this research, please contact Noel Melton.

Other Publications

Journal Articles

Melton, N., J. Axsen & S. Goldberg. 2017. Evaluating plug-in electric vehicle policies in the context of long-term greenhouse gas reduction goals: Comparing 10 Canadian provinces using the PEV policy report card. Energy Policy, 107, 381-393.

Bataille, C. & N. Melton. 2017. Energy efficiency and economic growth: A retrospective CGE analysis for Canada from 2002 to 2012Energy Economics, 64, 118-130.

Wolinetz & Axsen. 2017. How policy can build the plug-in electric vehicle market: Insights from the REspondent-based Preference And Constraints (REPAC) model. Technological Forecasting and Social Change 117: 238-250.

Melton, N., J. Axsen & D. Sperling. 2016. Moving beyond alternative fuel hype to decarbonize transportationNature Energy, 1, 16013. Learn More ➥

Bataille, C., N. Melton & M. Jaccard. 2015. Policy uncertainty and diffusion of carbon capture and storage in an optimal region. Climate Policy, 15(5): 565-582.

Jaccard, M., N. Melton & J. Nyboer. 2011. Institutions and Processes for Scaling Up Renewables: Run-of-River Hydropower in British Columbia. Energy Policy, 39(7): 4042-4050.

Peters, J., C. Bataille, N. Rivers, & M. Jaccard. 2010. Taxing Emissions, Not Income: How to Moderate the Regional Impact of Federal Environment Policy. C.D. Howe Institute, 314: Toronto, ON.