Research Brief

The Renewable and Low Carbon Fuel Requirement Regulation

August, 2014


  • As of 2012 (the most recent data year available), alternative transportation fuels now account for 4.6% of transportation energy consumption.
  • This uptake of alternative fuels, which has been supported by the RLCFRR, has reduced BC’s annual GHG emissions by roughly 900 kt/yr.
  • This reduction makes up 25% of the net reduction in provincial GHG emissions between 2007 and 2012, with other policies and offsets accounting for the rest.

In this research brief, Michael Wolinetz and Dr. Jonn Axsen, of the School of Resource and Environmental Management at Simon Fraser University, summarize the impact of the Renewable and Low Carbon Fuel Requirements Regulation, British Columbia’s clean fuel policy. They also discuss the potential for this regulation to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to the year 2020 and beyond.

The RLCFRR at a glance (click for full view).

To learn more about this research, please contact Michael Wolinetz.

Other Publications

Journal Articles

Melton, N., J. Axsen & S. Goldberg. 2017. Evaluating plug-in electric vehicle policies in the context of long-term greenhouse gas reduction goals: Comparing 10 Canadian provinces using the PEV policy report card. Energy Policy, 107, 381-393.

Bataille, C. & N. Melton. 2017. Energy efficiency and economic growth: A retrospective CGE analysis for Canada from 2002 to 2012Energy Economics, 64, 118-130.

Wolinetz & Axsen. 2017. How policy can build the plug-in electric vehicle market: Insights from the REspondent-based Preference And Constraints (REPAC) model. Technological Forecasting and Social Change 117: 238-250.

Melton, N., J. Axsen & D. Sperling. 2016. Moving beyond alternative fuel hype to decarbonize transportationNature Energy, 1, 16013. Learn More ➥

Bataille, C., N. Melton & M. Jaccard. 2015. Policy uncertainty and diffusion of carbon capture and storage in an optimal region. Climate Policy, 15(5): 565-582.

Jaccard, M., N. Melton & J. Nyboer. 2011. Institutions and Processes for Scaling Up Renewables: Run-of-River Hydropower in British Columbia. Energy Policy, 39(7): 4042-4050.

Peters, J., C. Bataille, N. Rivers, & M. Jaccard. 2010. Taxing Emissions, Not Income: How to Moderate the Regional Impact of Federal Environment Policy. C.D. Howe Institute, 314: Toronto, ON.