Animal-sourced food consumption and Canada’s emissions targets

August, 2022


World Animal Protection Canada is interested in examining the role of animal agriculture in achieving Canada’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions targets of a 40-45% reduction in emissions by 2030 and net zero emissions in 2050. To support World Animal Protection, Navius developed a customized version of its energy-economy model, gTech.

The agriculture sector currently accounts for about 12% of Canada’s emissions, with animal agriculture (not including feed and fertilizer for feed) accounting for 5% of total emissions. However, it is likely that the agriculture sector will account for an increasing portion of Canada’s emissions in 2030 and 2050, as population and food consumption continue to grow, while emissions from the rest of Canada’s economy decline in response to policy and adoption of available abatement technologies.


  • A future with lower animal consumption can fill the gap between Canada’s emissions trajectory under announced ERP policies and its 2030 emissions target.
  • Policy that encourages less animal food consumption by Canadians can help drive emissions reductions in line with Canada’s targets, while reducing policy compliance costs associated with decarbonization.
  • Meat and dairy-alternatives present an economic opportunity for Canada.

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This study was commissioned and funded by World Animal Protection.

To learn more about this research, please contact Brianne Riehl.

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